The world today looks at Pakistan as a rouge state that sponsors world terrorism. It is not just that these terrorist groups continue to operate from Pakistani territory, but they also enjoy official, albeit covert, sanction and support from Pakistan’s state apparatus and they play a pivotal role in shaping up the country’s core foreign policy interests, namely in connection with Afghanistan and India.
The numerous terrorist groups operating in Pakistan have tended to fall into one of the five categories.
- Sectarian: Religiously motivated groups such as the Sunni Sipah-e-Sahaba and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and the Shia Tehrik-e-Jafria that are engaged in violence within Pakistan
- Anti-Indian: Groups focused on the Kashmir dispute that operate with the alleged support of the Pakistani military and the intelligence agency Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), such as Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Muhammad, and Harakat ul-Mujahadeen
- Afghan Taliban: The original Taliban movement and especially its Kandahari leadership centered around Mullah Mohammad Omar, believed to be based in Quetta
- Al-Qaeda and its affiliates: The global jihadist organization founded by Osama bin Laden and led by Ayman al-Zawahiri
- The Pakistani Taliban: A coalition of extremist groups in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), led by Mullah Fazlullah
With so much evidence pointing towards Pakistan, why are the world community silent? Is it double spoken by western powers to balance powers in Asia Pacific? Whatever might be the reason, India has been showing considerable amount of restraint against Pakistan until the recent past.
Recent change in the political discourse in Delhi, the Pakistani establishment underestimated the new government. Pakistan thought that by creating tension in the Indian border, it could internationalise Kashmir Issue. But the Indian government did not take the LOC breaches lightly; hence they gave clear instructions to the Indian Armed Forces to retaliate with greater intensity and power against Pakistan.
This action by the Indian Forces sent shivers down the Pakistani Army and the Political establishment. Pakistan knew for the fact that, it cannot afford to have a war with India. Which would decimate Pakistan; hence they softened up and fell in line.